Chaos theory help understand the motions of life. It is not actually a theory of chaotic life, but rather of random, multidimensional and moving life.
Fractals are the graphical representation of chaos theory. They show a motion that spins around a "strange attractor" in unpredictable ways, as if the "strange attractor" itself was not one but multiple and of size.
Chaos is a motion that we find in the rhizome, although it seems that the rhizome is somehow more complex and more representative of the ways of life than the chaos.